According to the website of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Natural Resources issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Reform of Mineral Resources Management (Trial)" a few days ago. The "Opinions" mainly include the reform of the mining rights transfer system, the reform of oil and gas exploration and exploitation management, and the reform of reserves management.
Regarding the reform of the mining rights transfer system. The first is to comprehensively promote the competitive transfer of mining rights, and clarify that in addition to the agreement transfer, other mining rights will be transferred through bidding, auction, and listing through open competition.
The second is to strictly control the transfer by agreement. Rare earth and radioactive mineral exploration and mining projects or key construction projects approved by the State Council can be transferred to a specific subject by agreement, and similar minerals in the deep or upper part of the established mining rights can be transferred to the same subject by agreement.
The third is to actively promote the transfer of "net mines", carry out the transfer of "net mines" that directly transfer mining rights such as sand, gravel and soil, actively promote the transfer of "net mines" of other minerals, strengthen the preliminary preparations for the transfer of mining rights, and avoid transfers in accordance with laws The red line of ecological protection and other prohibition on the exploration and mining area, do a good job in linking with the approval items such as land use, marine forest and grass, so that the mining right holder can carry out the normal exploration and mining work after the mining right is transferred.
The fourth is to implement the same level management of the transfer and registration of the same mineral prospecting rights and mining rights to solve the problems caused by the different levels of management of the same mineral prospecting rights and mining rights. The Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for the mining of 14 important strategic minerals such as petroleum, hydrocarbons and natural gas. Transfer and registration of mining rights; the major minerals of strategic minerals are managed and controlled through mineral resource planning, and the provincial natural resources authority is responsible for the transfer and registration of mining rights. Other minerals are under the responsibility of the provincial-level and lower-level natural resources authorities.
Fifth, standardize the geological survey work with financial contributions. For exploration projects funded by the central or local finances, no new prospecting rights shall be established, and geological exploration shall be carried out based on the project mission statement. Where a prospecting right has been established, the natural resources department may continue to handle the renewal of the prospecting right, and the prospecting right shall be cancelled after the required exploration work is completed, and the natural resources department shall face the open competition of various market entities to transfer the mining right.
Sixth, adjust the term of prospecting rights. According to the technical laws of mineral exploration work, the first registration period of prospecting rights established by transfer is extended to 5 years, and the duration of each time is 5 years. When applying for renewal of the prospecting right, 25% of the initial area shall be deducted.
In terms of reserve management reform. The first is to reform the classification of mineral resources reserves. Simplify the classification of mineral resources and reserves. Solid minerals are divided into two types: resource and reserves. Resources are divided into three levels: inferred resources, controlled resources and proven resources, and reserves are divided into two levels: credible reserves and proven reserves.
The second is to simplify the merger review and filing and registration matters. The registration link and the registration book are cancelled. The content of the mineral resource reserve registration book is included in the review and record management, and is no longer used as an essential part of the mining right registration. The review and record results are used as the basis for statistics.
The third is to reduce the scope of direct government review and filing. The original 18 types of review and filing situations were reduced to 4 types, namely, only the conversion of prospecting rights to mining rights, the change of mineral types and scope of mining rights, the proven geological reserves of oil and gas minerals during prospecting and mining, and the significant changes in the resources of other minerals during mining The reserves of mineral resources and important minerals covered by construction projects are reviewed and filed.